The Amber Road is a hypothetical ancient trade route for the transfer of amber from the Baltic Sea to the Mediterranean Sea.
An important raw material, amber was transported from the North Sea and Baltic Seacoasts overland by way of the Vistula and Dnieper rivers to Italy, Greece, the Black Sea, and Egypt thousands of years ago, and long after.
In Roman times, a main route ran south from the Baltic coast in through the land of theBoii (modern Czech Republic and Slovakia) to the head of the Adriatic Sea (modernGulf of Venice). The Egyptian pharaoh Tutankhamun had Baltic amber among his burial goods, and amber was sent from the North Sea to the temple of Apollo atDelphi as an offering. From the Black Sea, trade could continue to Asia along the Silk Road, another ancient trade route.
The Old Prussian towns of Kaup and Truso on the Baltic were the starting points of the route to the south. In Scandinavia the amber road probably gave rise to the thrivingNordic Bronze Age culture, bringing influences from the Mediterranean Sea to the northernmost countries of Europe.
Sometimes the Kaliningrad Oblast is called the Янтарный край, which means “the amber area”.